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Christmas has always been whatever you want it to be. Merry Christmas.


The real core of Christmas is nostalgia. It's wanting to believe there was a better time, because of course that allows us to believe there will be again a better time. So we're looking back to the perfect days of our childhood, or looking back to a perfect time of magic Christmases - Norman Rockwell's 1950s drawings, even though Rockwell himself looked back to the perfect Christmases of the 19th century, and in the 19th century people looked looked back to the perfect Christmases of the 16th century.

Historian Judith Flanders explores the populist, adaptive, multi-purpose, meaning of Christmas - as an enduring holiday that has always looked backward to a better (imaginary) time while adapting to the culture and commercial realities of the present, and a mirror reflecting ourselves and our wishes about the world around us.

Judith is author of Christmas: A Biography from MacMillan.

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Judith Flanders

Judith Flanders is an author and social historian.


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